What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, affects the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. Over half of the adults in the U.S. have a form of gum disease. If it is left untreated, the bacteria in the gums can enter the bloodstream and reach other parts of the body, increasing the risk of diabetes, lung disease, heart disease, osteoporosis, and cancer.
Periodontal disease is caused by plaque that develops on the teeth and starts destroying the gums. Left alone, it will also destroy the structure that holds the tooth in place and the bone, resulting in tooth loss.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
More severe cases of gum disease will need to be treated by a periodontist, but we can help with early and moderate stages using a procedure called scaling and root planing. The treatment includes removing plaque from the crowns of your teeth and the roots below the gumline. Afterward, fibers with antibiotics are placed between the gums and teeth to promote healing and prevent infection. You may also be given oral antibiotics.
This treatment is effective, but is not for everyone. People with heart conditions, who have had recent surgery, or those with autoimmune conditions may not be eligible for scaling and root planing.
If your family has a history of gum disease, or if you’ve noticed any of the above symptoms, call Amazing Smiles Dentistry to schedule an appointment. Early detection can help heal and reverse gum disease and help you enjoy lifelong oral health.